Kashmir is an extreme example, but the country is wounded by a thousand cuts from ongoing social strife. From this, it is but a short step to thinking of national integration as territorial integrity — as long as secession from the country is not demanded, it is not a crisis.
But this is a very short-sighted view. The real issue is unity of the people. As long as there is a sense of fraternity and harmony between Indians, India exists.
Take away this bond and the country will collapse into chaos. Today, there are a million mutinies roiling the country, inflicting a colossal cost in both blood and resources. Here is a brief recap Separatism Attempts to secede from the country are exhibited in the most severe form in Kashmir where an insurgency has been raging for the past two decades.
Over 30, lives have been lost in this period. While there is no denying that it is fuelled by help from across the border, the Kashmir problem has been fostered on a fertile ground of economic and political neglect of the state over the years, coupled with narrow political brinkmanship. Unfortunately, religion too is mixed up in this cauldron, and in fact, it has been exploited to the hilt by Islamic fundamentalists.
Separatism of this variety has been endemic in the north-eastern region of India, a melting pot of ethnic groups. Difficult terrain and poor infrastructure help them continue their activities although none of them have the kind of mass support that appears in Kashmir. In some of the states, like Mizoram, separatists have become almost extinct after the spearhead the Mizo National Front led by Laldenga reached an accord with the Central government in In other states, especially Manipur, Nagaland and Assam, separatist attacks continue to cause death and devastation.
The North-East is economically under-developed and this remains the single biggest factor behind continued separatism.
Separate stateism Since the reorganization of states on linguistic basis in , there have been continued demands, often expressed through big movements, for formation of smaller states or redistribution of areas based on ethnic, linguistic or socio-cultural reasons. Some of the major movements have been successful in achieving their demands, as in Jharkhand, Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh which were carved out as separate states in Others continue to simmer, bursting forth periodically.
The dilemma arises from the fact that popularity can also bring some measure of protection from interests opposed to the movement. Match Abandoned. We do not have the vastness of the US, for instance, to justify the exclusion often coercive of humans from nature. File image of VS Naipaul. Naipaul Best Seller.
Some of these are violent movements, like the Gorkhaland agitation, while others have indifferent support, as in Harit Pradesh. All assert the identity of a community defined on the basis of ethnicity, language, and territorial contiguity. But in this fashion he has invaluably revealed the brink on which India now stands, the sources of all that rage and all those little mutinies.
India: A Million Mutinies Now is a nonfiction book by V. S. Naipaul published in It is a travelogue written during the author's sojourn in his ancestral land of . India book. Read reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Naipaul, of Indian heritage, was born and raised in Trinidad, but he recogni.
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